Doing research in the “Golden Corner” of South Carolina ( Anderson-Oconee-Pickens Counties ) might be time consuming for you, because of how these counties were formed. Based on your time-period, you might need to research all (3) counties.
In 1789 Pendleton County was formed as part of the 96th Judicial District from Indian Land.
In 1795 Pendleton County was placed in the Washington Judicial District.
In 1799, Pendleton County was named Pendleton District by the State legislature and Washington Judicial District was discontinued.
In 1826/27, Pendleton District was divided into the Anderson & Pickens Districts.
In 1868 the state legislature decided to change all districts to counties.
Current-day Anderson County represents the old Anderson District.
Current-day Pickens County represents part of old Pickens District.
Current-day Oconee County represents part of old Pickens County & added Indian Land.
In 1986, Pickens County annexed Oconee land that included Clemson College & area
extending SE to Anderson County.
Federal censuses were taken in SC at ten-year intervals beginning in 1790. They are available on microfilm through 1930. http://www.us-census.org/states/southcarolina/
The 1890 schedules were destroyed, except those for Civil War veterans and widows, which are at the SC Department of Archives & History.
Federal indexes are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870 in book format.
Microfilm Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 censuses.
No colonial census have been preserved.
US GenWeb Census Project Portal:
SC Genealogy Trails History Group Portal:
PENDLETON DISTRICT CENSUS: (Formed from Ninety-Six in 1790)
By: Paul R. Sarrett Jr.
1790 - 1,433 entries for Anderson, Oconee, Pickens County
1800 - 3,012 entries for Anderson, Oconee, Pickens County
1810 - 3,063 entries for Anderson, Oconee, Pickens County
1820 - 2,617 entries for Anderson, Oconee, Pickens County
ANDERSON COUNTY CENSUS: (Formed from Pendleton in 1828)
By: Paul R. Sarrett Jr.
OCONEE COUNTY CENSUS: (Formed from Pickens in 1868)
Ross was born in Delaware, raised in southern California and is now retired in Redmond, WA. He worked in aerospace at North American Aviation/Rockwell from 1952 though 1975, then worked for Martin Marietta on the Space Shuttle's External Tank in New Orleans, Florida, and California.
His ties to Oconee County is through his mother's family. Her mother was Olivia Edwards Osborne, daughter of Lulu Lanier and William Richard Osborne. His mother's father was Walter Donaldson Hopkins, a laborer who worked for Olivia's father. They left SC for Franklin Co., GA after 1913. In searching his genealogy, Ross found that his father's great grandfather was the enumerator of the 1850 Federal census of Washington County, Georgia. He then decided to transcribe his work for the USGenWeb Census Project and couldn't stop there. He has transcribed some (70!) Federal Censuses, including all of Washington County, GA. He's now concentrating on Oconee County.
1870 - 10,536 entries, Townships: Center, Chattooga, Keowee, Pulaski, Seneca, Wagoner & Whitewater
1880 - 16,302 entries, Townships: Center, Chattooga, Keowee, Pulaski, Seneca, Tugaloo, Wagoner & Whitewater
1900 - 23,667 entries, Townships: Center, Chattooga, Keowee, Pulaski, Seneca, Tugaloo, Wagoner, Westminister, Walhalla & Whitewater
1910 - Townships: Center, Chattooga, Keowee, Pulaski, Seneca, Tugaloo, Wagoner, Westminister, Walhalla & Whitewater
1920 - Townships: Center, Chattooga, Keowee, Pulaski, Seneca, Tugaloo, Wagoner, Westminister, Walhalla & Whitewater
1930 - Townships: Center, Chattooga, Keowee, Pulaski, Seneca, Tugaloo, Wagoner, Westminister, Walhalla (Under Construction)
PICKENS COUNTY CENSUS: (Formed from Pendleton in 1828)